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About Istria

February 02,2018 0 comments

The Adriatic below the Alps, central Europe’s closest Mediterranean. This miniature heart-shaped world and the largest peninsula of the Adriatic Sea lies on the 45th parallel emphasizing its idyllic geographical position with perfectly arranged seasons – lush greenery springs, colourful autumns, pleasant summers and mild winters…

Istria is indeed a feast for the eyes. Its streams flow to the sea through deep valleys and gullies which bring to mind the ancient local myths about giants. Rolling hills overlook the fields and valleys with little towns perched on the peaks, recalling some old paintings. The view is splendid: white-topped mountains, lush wheat fields, plateaux, valleys, vineyards and olive groves on hillsides, and, finally the sea.

As you get to know Istria you will notice more and more enchanting details: church facades and portals, tiny village alleyways with their specific architectural touches, the babble of a stream, the blossoming cherries. Everything is warm–hearted and friendly here: nature, towns and people.

Location

The westernmost county of the Republic of Croatia
The largest peninsula of the Adriatic

Area

The Istrian peninsula covers the surface of 3.476 square kilometres. The area is shared by three countries: Croatia, Slovenia, and Italy.

Population

208.055 (2011.)

Language

Croatian

Coast Length

445 km (well-indented coast is twice as long as the road one)
The western coast of Istria is 242.5 km long, with island 327.5 km.
The eastern coast of Istria is 202 km long with the pertaining islets 212 km.

Sea

The lowest sea temperature is in March ranging from 9.3°C up to 11.1°C.
The highest sea temperature is in August when it reaches 23.3°C and 24.1°C.
Salinity amounts approximately to 36-38 pro mille.

Rivers

Mirna, Dragonja and Raša

Vegetation

Istria is the largest green oasis of the North Adriatic.
The coast and the islands are covered with pine woods and easily recognizable green macchia.
The main specimens of macchia are holm oak and strawberry trees 35% of Istria is covered with forests.

Climate

The basic characteristic of the climate of the Istrian peninsula is given by the Mediterranean climate. Along the coast, it gradually changes towards the continent and it passes into continental, due to cold air circulating from the mountains and due to the vicinity of the Alps.